MIX Asian emission inventoryMIX亚洲排放清单


MIX is a new anthropogenic emission inventory for Asia for the years 2008 and 2010. It is developed to support the Model Inter-Comparison Study for Asia Phase III (MICS-Asia III) and the Task Force on Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution (TF HTAP) projects by a mosaic of up-to-date regional and national emission inventories including REAS inventory version 2.1 for the whole of Asia (Kurokawa et al., 2013), the Multi-resolution Emission Inventory for China (MEIC) developed by Tsinghua University, a high-resolution NH3 emission inventory by Peking University (Huang et al., 2012), an Indian emission inventory developed by Argonne National Laboratory (ANL-India, Lu et al., 2011; Lu and Streets, 2012), and the official Korean emission inventory from the Clean Air Policy Support System (CAPSS) (Lee et al., 2011). The development of the MIX inventory was led by Tsinghua University (Qiang Zhang) with input from Asia Center for Air Pollution Research (Jun-ichi Kurokawa and Toshimasa Ohara), Konkuk University (Jung-Hun Woo), Argonne National Laboratory (Zifeng Lu and David Streets), and Peking University (Yu Song).

MIX排放清单是为东亚模式比较计划第三期(MICS-Asia III)和联合国半球大气污染传输计划(HTAP)开发的2008年和2010年亚洲人为源排放清单。该清单采用多尺度数据耦合方法开发,通过耦合同化MEIC(中国)、PKU-NH3(中国氨排放清单)、CAPSS(韩国)、ANL-India(印度)、REAS2(日本、台湾)等本地化排放清单,为多尺度的大气化学传输模式提供排放输入数据。MIX清单由清华大学主持开发,日本亚洲空气污染管理研究所Jun-ichi Kurokawa博士和Toshimasa Ohara博士、韩国建国大学Jung-Hun Woo教授、北京大学宋宇教授、美国阿岗国家实验室David G. Streets博士和吕子峰博士等研究组提供了数据支持。

MIX provided emission estimates for Asia for the years 2008 and 2010. The domain of MIX covers 30 countries and regions, stretching from Kazakhstan in the west to Far East Russia in the east, and from Indonesia in the south to Siberia in the north. Emissions are aggregated into five sectors: power, industry, residential, transportation, and agriculture. Ten chemical species are included in the MIX inventory, including both gaseous species and aerosol species: SO2, NOx, CO, NMVOC (non-methane volatile organic compounds), NH3 (ammonia), PM10 (particulate matter with diameter less than or equal to 10 μm), PM2.5 (particulate matter with diameter less than or equal to 2.5 μm), BC (black carbon), OC (organic carbon) and CO2. Only emissions from anthropogenic sources are included in MIX. NMVOC emissions are speciated into model-ready inputs for two chemical mechanisms: CB05 and SAPRC-99. Monthly emissions are provided by sector at 0.25º x 0.25º resolution.

MIX清单提供了2008年和2010年亚洲30个国家和地区的人为源污染物和温室气体排放数据,包括SO2, NOx,CO, NH3, NMVOC(挥发性有机物), PM10, PM2.5, BC, OC, CO2等十种主要大气化学成分,以及CB05和SAPRC-99两种大气化学机制的分组分NMVOC排放数据。清单提供五个排放部门(电力、工业、民用、交通、农业)0.25度空间分辨率的逐月网格化排放数据,可满足多个尺度大气化学传输模式的模拟需求。

If you have any questions, please contact Qiang Zhang (qiangzhang at tsinghua dot edu dot cn) and Meng Li (limeng11 at mails dot tsinghua dot edu dot cn) in Tsinghua University.

如果对MIX清单的数据使用有任何问题,请联系张强教授(qiangzhang at tsinghua dot edu dot cn)或李萌博士(limeng11 at mails dot tsinghua dot edu dot cn)。

MIX gridded emissions of SO2 and NOx in 2010


Huang, X., Song, Y., Li, M., Li, J., Huo, Q., Cai, X., Zhu, T., Hu, M., and Zhang, H.: A high-resolution ammonia emission inventory in China, Global Biogeochem. Cy., 26, GB1030, doi:10.1029/2011GB004161, 2012.
Kurokawa, J., Ohara, T., Morikawa, T., Hanayama, S., Janssens-Maenhout, G., Fukui, T., Kawashima, K., and Akimoto, H.: Emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases over Asian regions during 2000–2008: Regional Emission inventory in ASia (REAS) version 2, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 11019-11058, doi:10.5194/acp-13-11019-2013, 2013.
Lee, D. G., Lee, Y.-M., Jang, K.-W., Yoo, C., Kang, K.-H., Lee, J.-H., Jung, S.-W., Park, J.-M., Lee, S.-B., Han, J.-S., Hong, J.-H., and Lee, S.-J.: Korean national emissions inventory system and 2007 air pollutant emissions, Asian J. Atmos. Environ., 5, 278–291, 2011.
Lu, Z., and Streets, D. G.: Increase in NOx Emissions from Indian Thermal Power Plants during 1996-2010: Unit-Based Inventories and Multisatellite Observations, Environ. Sci. Technol., 46, 7463-7470, doi:10.1021/es300831w, 2012.
Lu, Z., Zhang, Q., and Streets, D. G.: Sulfur dioxide and primary carbonaceous aerosol emissions in China and India, 1996–2010, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 9839-9864, doi:10.5194/acp-11-9839-2011, 2011.


  • The MIX emission inventory is restricted to non-commercial purposes. Any uses of MIX by business organizations are regarded as commercial purpose which needs prior authorization.
  • Users are not permitted to distribute the MIX data to any third-party.
  • User must ensure the data integrity and independence when using MIX. Without explicit and prior authorization, no organization or individual is allowed to integrate any forms of the MIX data into other emission products or models.
  • Any papers, reports or products using the MIX data must cite the related publications of MIX completely.
  • MIX排放清单仅供非商业用途使用。商业机构使用MIX排放清单的任何行为均被视为商业用途,需事先获得授权。
  • 使用者不得向第三方共享MIX排放清单数据。
  • 使用者在使用MIX排放清单过程中需保证数据的完整性和独立性。在获得许可之前,使用者不得将MIX排放清单以原始形式或修改后的形式包括到其他排放清单数据产品或模型中。
  • 在任何使用MIX排放清单的论文、研究报告、产品中,必须完整引用MIX排放清单的相关研究成果。

Data version 数据版本

  • June 2015, the MIX inventory was updated to version 1.1. Emissions of Hong Kong and the Republic of Korea, and NH3 emissions in China were updated.
  • March 2013, MIX inventory v.1.0 was developed and submitted to MICS-Asia and HTAP projects.
  • 2015.6. MIX清单更新至版本v1.1。更新了香港、韩国排放和中国NH3排放。
  • 2013.3. MIX清单v1.0提交至MICS-Asia III和HTAP。

Data download数据下载

MIX v1.1 emissions by regions and sectors:

MIX v1.1 分地区分部门排放量:

MIX v1.1 gridded emissions:
SO2     NOx     CO     NH3     NMVOC     PM10     PM2.5     BC     OC     CO2     CB05     SAPRC-99    

MIX v1.1 网格化排放数据:
SO2     NOx     CO     NH3     NMVOC     PM10     PM2.5     BC     OC     CO2     CB05     SAPRC-99    

Citation 文献引用

The MIX emission inventory should be cited as:


Li, M., Zhang, Q., Kurokawa, J. I., Woo, J. H., He, K., Lu, Z., Ohara, T., Song, Y., Streets, D. G., Carmichael, G. R., Cheng, Y., Hong, C., Huo, H., Jiang, X., Kang, S., Liu, F., Su, H., and Zheng, B.: MIX: a mosaic Asian anthropogenic emission inventory under the international collaboration framework of the MICS-Asia and HTAP, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 935-963, doi:10.5194/acp-17-935-2017, 2017.

Data description 数据描述

  • Gridded emissions are prepared in NetCDF format.
  • Filename format: MICS_Asia_xx(species name)_xxxx(year)_0.25×0.25.nc.
  • For each species, emissions by five sectors are developed: POWER, INDUSTRY, RESIDENTIAL, TRANSPORT and AGRICULTURE (only for NH3).
  • Spatial resolution: 0.25 x 0.25 degree. Domain: 40.125 E – 179.875 E (center of grid, longitude), 20.125 S – 89.875 N (center of grid, latitude). Dimension of dataset: 560 (cols) x 441 (rows) x 12 (months).
  • Units of gridded emissions: For CB05 and SAPRC-99 mechanisms: Mmol/month/grid (106 mol/month/grid); For other species: Mg/month/grid (106 g/month/grid).
  • 排放数据格式为NetCDF。
  • 文件格式为: MICS_Asia_xx(物种名称)_xxxx(年份)_0.25x0.25.nc。
  • 每个文件包括电力(POWER), 工业(INDUSTRY), 民用(RESIDENTIAL), 交通(TRANSPORT), 农业(AGRICULTURE, 仅针对NH3)等五个部门的排放数据。
  • 排放空间分辨率为0.25x0.25度, 空间范围为: 东经40.125度-东经179.875度 (网格中心点), 南纬20.125度-北纬89.875度 (网格中心点)。各污染物排放数据维度为560 (列) x441 (行) x12 (月)。
  • 网格化排放数据单位: CB05机制及SAPRC-99机制物种: 百万摩尔/月/网格(106mol/month/grid);其他物种:吨/月/网格 (Mg/month/grid)。